10 Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes
Every disease has some diagnostic signs and symptoms that differentiate it from other diseases. Out of many diseases, diabetes is a disorder of metabolic pathways that are associated with regulation of blood glucose level. Most of the people are unaware of the fact that there are basically three types of Diabetes mellitus. The Type 1 diabetes is caused by the failure of pancreatic beta cells to produce insulin. The Type 2 diabetes is believed to be associated with the resistance towards the insulin called as insulin resistance (IR). Third type, gestational diabetes, is associated with the higher blood glucose level in the pregnant women having no previous diagnosis of diabetes. The top 10 signs and symptoms of diabetes are given as under:
10. Urinary Problems
Well, this is the most common sign of diabetes. Early pregnancy is also equipped with frequent urination but diabetes has a characteristic feature of frequent bathroom visits. Actually the irregular or spasm like movements of bladder is found to be associated with frequent urination. Another problem is called as urine retention and it is caused by the inability of the bladder to completely discharge the urine. The sphincter muscles also become very poor in control and these symptoms are more highlighted in females due to their different anatomical make up. Urinary infections are also reported in many cases of Diabetes mellitus.
9. Muscle Fatigue and Sluggishness
Blood glucose levels are responsible for healthy muscle contractions and consequently, the body movements. This is most highly exhibited by the Type 2 Diabetes mellitus in which the patient feels exhausted due to decreased body energies and functions. This condition is related with decreased supply of energy to the cells and consequently, the cell fails to perform its function in an optimum manner. If remained untreated, this fatigue may prove to be detrimental. Short term fatigue is not fatal as this may be caused due to some temporary physiological conditions. Due to fatigue, a sluggish behavior is developed in most of the diabetics.
8. Unquenchable Thirst
Due to over passing of urine, an increased thirst is visible symptom of Diabetes mellitus. Another type of diabetes, i.e. diabetes insipidus, is also related with increased thirst and dehydration. The thirst is a natural reaction of body towards dehydration or reduced water levels in the metabolism. Naturally, the patient consumes more water. Diabetics fail to control this feeling as the higher glucose prompt the excessive water usage. No physiological harms are caused by the over drinking of water but a definite disturbance of routine is there. It is a common symptom of Diabetes mellitus but Type 2 patients suffer more from this issue. Dryness of mouth is also reported to disturb the diabetics.
7. Numbness of Hand and Feet
Higher blood glucose level may affect the nerves, producing a condition called as diabetic neuropathy. The hands and feet are more likely to be affected due to this problem. The nerve damage is caused by the poor circulation in diabetics. Scientists are trying to find the relation between the elevated glucose levels and the nerve damage. Most of the patients find a decreased temperature at the extremities. It may be noted that the nerve damage is caused at the later stages of diabetes. An early detection is necessary to avoid this issue. Blood glucose regulation eliminates this disorder. Many diabetes symptoms are found to be associated with this disorder.
6. Vision Problems
Eyes are badly affected by diabetes. Most of the people are affected by the vision problems. The blurry vision along with other vision issues is very common. Swelling of eyes lens occurs mainly due to high glucose levels and consequently, vision is affected. The optic nerve is also likely to damage due to diabetes. Other problems like glaucoma and contaracts develop and surgical correction is needed in most of the cases. In severe cases, small optic blood vessels are affected and diabetic retinopathy is developed, which may lead towards blindness.
5. Skin Dryness and Infections
Poor circulation is responsible for skin dryness and itching. The dryness may occur in a localized patch or may affect the whole body in an equal manner. The tapering of blood vessels close to skin causes the skin to lose moisture more quickly as compared to that of normal. Dryness may affect more adversely if it develops into a confined skin allergy or infection. Skin infections are mostly caused by bacteria and viruses and in diabetes, patient become more vulnerable towards developing the complicated forms of skin infections.
4. Increased Hunger
Are you facing the increased hunger of food even after a meal? This can be a symptom of diabetes. An increased hunger is related with the continuous messaging to the brain. As the cells have less energy and the blood is full of sugar, so these deprived cells send continuous signals to brain. Physicians and diet experts recommend taking frequent light meals rather the two or three heavy meals. The higher consumption of food will lead to a rapid shoot in blood sugar level and consequently, patient will suffer.
3. Slow Healing of Wounds and Abrasions
Skin responses are very complicated in diabetes. Often the patient tends to develop the foot ulcers and neurotic regions. The capillaries responsible to regulate the blood in peripheral region tend to be weak in supply and consequently, the diabetics are more likely to develop the ulcers in the lower region. Regular inspection of all the body especially feet may help you to achieve a good control over these issues. So, if you are suffering from the slow healing of wounds then there is a maximum probability of diabetes.
2. Confusions and Depression
It is one of the most frequent problems faced by the diabetic patients. Confusion is the inability to decide even in the simplest cases. Other disturbances in diabetes deprive the patient of ability to concentrate and consequently, agility and confusion occur. This is an important indication of diabetes only if it accompanies the all of the common symptoms of diabetes mellitus. This problem is usually common in all the types of diabetes.
1. Erectile Dysfunction
Damage to the blood vessels, nerve endings and muscular connections in the penile region causes the poor coordination and consequently erectile dysfunction occurs. More than 50% of the males are reported to develop this disorder. This is most damaging symptom as it damages your physically and mentally. Poor erections are more prevalent in the patients with diabetes and if you are suffering from a poor sexual life and also experiencing any of the above mentioned symptoms, then you should take the recommended medication. It should be noted that the heart patients should take more precaution before taking any drug.